Dictionary of London Immigrants |||

1245-1268 - Westminster Abbey (Westminster)

In the 1040s King Edward established his Royal Palace by the banks of the Thames. Nearby was a Benedictine monastery which was rebuilt as a large stone church in honour of St Peter the Apostle. This church became known as the west minster’ to distinguish it from St Paul’s Cathedral (the east minster’). In 1245 Henry III ordered for the church to be rebuild in grand Gothic style. The Abbey was designed as a monastery and a house of worship, but also as a place for Royal coronations and burials. The building had to rival the great cathedrals of France. The splendid pavement in front of the High Altar was laid down in 1268 and belongs to a type known as Cosmati work. Its technique of opus sectile (‘cut work’) had been developed by four generations of the Cosmati brothers in Rome. Henry invited a group of Roman workmen to settle in London and design the Abbey’s pavement. The name of the leader of these craftsmen has survived as Odoricus.

Up next 100-200 - Leadenhall Street (City of London) 1275-1294 - Lombard Street (City of London)
Latest posts 1872-1883 - Drury Lane (Covent Garden) 1874-1884 - Connaught Square (Bayswater) 1873-1916 - Coningham Road (Shepherd’s Bush) 1873-1887 - Rathbone Place (Fitzrovia) 1872-1955 - Great Portland Street (Westminster) 187?-1915 - Leather Lane (Holborn) 1871-1930 - Howley Place (Maida Vale) 1870-1921 - Waterford Road (Fulham) 1870-1901 - Strand (Covent Garden) 1868-1913 - Upper Cheyne Row (Chelsea) 1872-1906 - Upper Cheyne Row (Chelsea) 1865-1873 - Haymarket (Westminster) 1868-1896 - Finchley Road (Hampstead) 1865 -1916 - Masboro Road West (Hammersmith) 1864-1889 - Mortimer Street (Westminster) 1861-1903 - High Holborn (Holborn) 1861-1894 - Gray’s Inn Road (Holborn) 1861-1893 - Cale Street (Chelsea) 1860-1999 - Regent Street (West End) 1860-1919 - Clapham Park (Lambeth) 1858-1903 - Bow Street (Covent Garden) 1857-1864 - Welbeck Street (Marylebone) 1860-1914 - Frith Street (Soho) 1860-1880 - Little Saffron Hill (Clerkenwell) 1855-1922 - York Terrace (Marylebone) 1859-1930 - Lyndhurst Road (Hampstead) 1855-1875 - Marlborough Place (St John’s Wood) 1855-1860 - Not traced (Wapping) 1854-1911 - Nottingham Place (Marylebone) 1848-1862 - Salisbury Place (Marylebone) 1852-1895 - Duke Street (Westminster)