Physician Cesare Adelmare or Caesar Dadelmare [Caesar à Dalmariis] was born in Treviso (the date of his birth is not known) in the Republic of Venice. He was a graduate of the faculty of medicine at Padua. About 1550 he moved to London where in 1557 he was granted naturalisation with immunity from the taxation imposed on aliens. He was admitted a fellow of the College of Physicians in 1554. He attended upon Queen Mary and later upon Queen Elizabeth and members of the court. When he sent a prescription to William Cecil in 1563, Adelmare addressed him as his ‘dominus and patronus’. In 1561 he fixed his residence in Bishopsgate having purchased a house which had formed part of the dissolved Priory of St Helen’s. He died in Bishopsgate in 1569.