Marxist avant-garde publisher and writer Wieland Herzfelde [Herzfeld] was born on 11 April 1896 in Weggis in the canton of Lucerne into a family of socialist activists. His elder brother (born in Berlin) was the photo montage artist John Heartfield [born: Helmut Herzfelde]. In 1914, he joined his brother in Berlin and founded the journal Neue Jugend in 1916. The following year he founded the publishing house Malik Verlag (named after the novel Der Malik by the Expressionist writer Else Lasker-Schüler), known for its works on art and Marxism. After the war, he continued his publishing activities. He helped to organise the Erste Internationale Dada-Messe (First International Dada Fair) in Berlin in 1920 and opened Galerie Grosz in December 1923. Following Hitler’s rise to power, he fled to Prague in 1933. All Malik titles were included in the Nazi book burning of 10 May 1933. He later moved to London, where he contined his publishing house (and published the collected works of Brecht in March 1938 - now very rare), but was refused a British residency permit in 1939. He left for New York where he co-founded the Aurora Press, publishing works by exiled German writers. In 1949 he returned to what was by then East Germany, becoming a Professor of Literature at the University of Leipzig. He died in Berlin in November 1988.